How must unbelievers be treated after the Qoran and the sunna?
Note 1: I encourage everyone (Moslem like not-Moslems) to enter the
debate. Make researches about this. Ask questions to Moslems, imams,
unbelievers, about what I say.
Note 2: The whole page has not been translated yet.
The 9th Sura is the last big sura. It contains the last laws about unbelievers.
I's very important to read the whole sura and its tafsirs.
Here you can read the Sura: http://www.harunyahya.com/Quran_translation/Quran_translation_index.php
Here you can find Ibn Kathir's Tafsir for this Sura: http://www.tafsir.com/default.asp?sid=9&tid=20704.
Extracts from others Tafsirs for this Sura: http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/ABewley/tawba1.html
Tafsir for the verse 9:5 :
This is the Ayah of the Sword
Mujahid, `Amr bin Shu`ayb, Muhammad bin Ishaq, Qatadah, As-Suddi and
`Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam said that the four months mentioned in this
Ayah are the four-month grace period mentioned in the earlier Ayah,
(So travel freely for four months throughout the land.) Allah said next,
(So when the Sacred Months have passed...), meaning, `Upon the end of the
four months during which We prohibited you from fighting the idolators, and
which is the grace period We gave them, then fight and kill the idolators
wherever you may find them.' Allah's statement next,
(then fight the Mushrikin wherever you find them), means, on the earth in
general, except for the Sacred Area, for Allah said,
(And fight not with them at Al-Masjid Al-Haram, unless they fight you there.
But if they attack you, then fight them. )[2:191] Allah said here,
(and capture them), executing some and keeping some as prisoners,
(and besiege them, and lie in wait for them in each and every ambush), do not
wait until you find them. Rather, seek and besiege them in their areas and
forts, gather intelligence about them in the various roads and fairways so that
what is made wide looks ever smaller to them. This way, they will have no
choice, but to die or embrace Islam,
(But if they repent and perform the Salah, and give the Zakah, then leave
their way free. Verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.) Abu Bakr
As-Siddiq used this and other honorable Ayat as proof for fighting those who
refrained from paying the Zakah. These Ayat allowed fighting people unless, and
until, they embrace Islam and implement its rulings and obligations. Allah
mentioned the most important aspects of Islam here, including what is less
important. Surely, the highest elements of Islam after the Two Testimonials, are
the prayer, which is the right of Allah, the Exalted and Ever High, then the
Zakah, which benefits the poor and needy. These are the most honorable acts that
creatures perform, and this is why Allah often mentions the prayer and Zakah
together. In the Two Sahihs, it is recorded that Ibn `Umar said that the
Messenger of Allah said,
(I have been commanded to fight the people until they testify that there is
no deity worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of
Allah, establish the prayer and pay the Zakah.) This honorable Ayah (9:5) was
called the Ayah of the Sword, about which Ad-Dahhak bin Muzahim said, "It
abrogated every agreement of peace between the Prophet and any idolator, every
treaty, and every term.'' Al-`Awfi said that Ibn `Abbas commented: "No idolator
had any more treaty or promise of safety ever since Surah Bara'ah was revealed.
The four months, in addition to, all peace treaties conducted before Bara'ah was
revealed and announced had ended by the tenth of the month of Rabi` Al-Akhir.''
The "Omar Laws" show us how christians and jews
were treated in islamic countries. People of the book don't have to be killed,
but they are discriminated. I'll copy the Omar Laws here (coming soon).
Here is the text of
the message the Prophet Mohammad sent to the Julanda brothers through the
intermediary of his Messengers, 'Amr bin al-'As al-Sahmi and Abu Zaid al-Ansari.
"Peace be upon the one who follows the right path! I call
you to Islam. Accept my call, and you shall be
unharmed. I am God's Messenger to
mankind, and the word shall be carried out upon the miscreants. If, therefore,
you recognize Islam, I shall bestow power upon you. But if you refuse to accept
Islam, your power shall vanish, my horses shall camp on the expanse of your
territory and my prophecy shall prevail in your kingdom."
4 sunnit law schools believe that the islamic state must invit the others kings
to islam. If they become muslims it's ok. If not, they must be attacked. Then
people of the book become dhimmis, they can leave in an islamic state without
becoming muslims, but they are discriminated. Unbeleavers who aren't people of
the book must become muslims. If not they are killed. And no muslim in an
islamic state can choose another religion or just leave islam: apostates must be
The letter to Heraclius:
name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. This letter is from Muhammad the
slave of Allah and his Apostle to Heraclius, the ruler of the Byzantines. Peace
be upon him who follows the right path. Furthermore, I invite you to Islam and
if you become a Muslim you will be safe, and Allah will double your reward, and
if you reject this invitation of Islam you will be committing a sin by
misguiding your subjects. And I recite to you Allah's statement:
“O People of the Scriptures! Come to a word common to you and us that we
worship none but Allah and that we associate nothing in worship with Him, and
that none of us shall take others as Lords beside Allah. Then if they turn away,
say: Bear witness that we are Muslims (those who have surrendered to Allah).
(Qur’an: Surah 3, Ayah 64).”
Mohammed didn't write that if
Heraclius refused islam he would be attacked. Heraclius was to powerful,
and it was dangerous to provoke him. So Mohammed hid his purpose. But a refusal
would mean a war, like by the oman people.
The motives of the jihad (holy war) were summed up by Rib’i ibn ‘Aamir and other companions of the
Prophet [an error occurred while processing this directive]
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and were stated to Rustam, the
commander of the Persian army, in the battle of al-Qaadisiyyah, when he asked
them one after another, for three consecutive days before the battle took place:
“What is this that you have brought?” The answer came: “Allaah has sent us to
bring forth whomsoever He wills from the worship of people to the worship of
Allaah alone, from the hardship of this world to its ease, from the injustice of
other religions to the justice of Islam. He sent His Messenger with His religion
to His creation. Whoever accepts it from us, we will accept it from him and will
go back; we will leave him and his land alone. Whoever refuses, we will fight
him until we end up in Paradise or in victory.”
The website Islam Q&R has lots of artikels about this: http://220.127.116.11/index.php?ds=qa&lv=browse&QR=27180&dgn=4&ln=eng;
for example http://18.104.22.168/index.php?ds=qa&lv=browse&QR=27180&dgn=4&ln=eng
If verbal discussions and debates, arguing in a way that is better,
address deviant beliefs and ideas, then the jihad movement addresses other,
material obstacles, foremost among which is the political power that is based on
those combined factors. It aims its strikes at the military and political powers
that enslave the people to something other than Allaah – i.e., rules them by
means of something other than the laws of Allaah – and that prevent them from
listening to the truth and following it with absolute freedom. Thus there is a
need for both da’wah and jihad in order to face the real obstacles of life.
Thus it becomes clear that the basic principle of fighting as
prescribed in sharee’ah is jihad, and its purpose is that all religion should be
devoted to Allaah, and that the word of Allaah should be supreme. Whoever tries
to prevent that is to be fought, according to the consensus of the Muslims.
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